The Pantheon

The Sepulcher of the Great Frenchmen

In 1744 the King Louis 15th was on his death bed. He prayed for his convalescence and asked Sainte-Genevieve, patron of Paris, to help him stay in life. He took a vow and promised in case of his recovering to build a new church dedicated to Sainte Genevieve, as the old one was dilapidating. And the miracle had happened; the king got recovered. Thus the new church was ordered by Louis 15th and put up by the architect Soufflot. The design of the church was compliant with new trends in architecture and represented an imposing square- shaped classical style building with four porticos surmounted with a high and elegant dome. During the Revolution and sometime later the church building began to be used as a mausoleum for the interment of great Frenchmen.

Walls inside the Pantheon feature large scale frescos and painted panels with life stories of Saint-Genevieve. They were mastered by 19th century artists. In the basement 300 crypts were arranged to berry great men of France. Many of them are still vacant. Among berried people are great philosophers, politicians, scientists, writers, military heroes. One can find tombs of Voltaire and Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola and Alexandre Dumas-father, Marie and Pierre Curie, etc. Here is the entire history of the modern post-revolutionary France. Since 1851 a demonstration of the Foucault pendulum has been organized inside the Pantheon, which is a visual proof of the Earth's rotation.

PROGRAM

  • Historical context, Soufflot’s project, metamorphoses of the building;
  • Interiors: wall paintings and frescoes;
  • sculptural décor;
  • Crypts in the basement with tombs of great men of France.

Price and timing

The visit lasts 1-1,5 hours.

It costs:

  • 100 € for 1-2 people;
  • 120 € for 3-6 people.

This visit can be combined with a guided tour of the Latin Quarter.

Вверх